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税收是国家为满足社会公共需要

网址:www.7c5y.com时间:2024-03-27 14:55:23(部分内容来源于网络,不代表本站观点)

税收是国家为满足社会公共需要,凭借公共权力,按照法律所规定的标准和程序,参与国民收入分配,强制地、无偿地取得财政收入的一种方式,依照税收收入归属和征管管辖权限的不同,中国税务部门可分为国税和地税两个不同的系统。前者征收的主要是维护国家权益、实施宏观调控所必需的税种(消费税、企业所得税、关税)和关乎国计民生的主要税种的部分税收(增值税);后者则主要负责合适地方征管的税种以增加地方财政收入(营业税、耕地占用税、车船使用税等)。
Taxation is a way in which the state, in order to meet the public needs of society, participates in the distribution of national income through public power, in accordance with the standards and procedures prescribed by law, and forcibly and gratuitously obtains fiscal revenue. According to the different ownership and jurisdiction of tax revenue, the Chinese tax department can be divided into two different systems: national tax and local tax. The former mainly collects taxes necessary for safeguarding national rights and implementing macroeconomic regulation (consumption tax, corporate income tax, tariffs) and part of the main taxes related to national economy and people's livelihood (value-added tax); The latter is mainly responsible for appropriate local tax collection and management to increase local fiscal revenue (such as business tax, farmland occupation tax, vehicle and vessel use tax, etc.).
税务是指和税收相关的事务。一般税务的范畴包括:
Taxation refers to affairs related to taxation. The scope of general taxation includes:
一、税法的概念。它是国家权力机关及其授权的行政机关制定的调整税收关系的法律规范的总称。其核心内容就是税收利益的分配。
1、 The concept of tax law. It is a general term for the legal norms formulated by the state power organs and their authorized administrative organs to adjust tax relations. The core content is the distribution of tax benefits.

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